Conte Cesare MatteiCastello Rocchetta MatteiElettromeopatia
Count Cesare Mattei was born in Bologna on January 11, 1809 by a wealthy family, and he grew up in contact with the greatest thinkers of the time as local Paolo Costa and Marco Minghetti. In 1827 he lost his father, and in 1830 was diagnosed a breast cancer to his mother. She suffered for 10 years before death. In 1837 he was one of the founders of the “Cassa di Risparmio in Bologna” bank. He received the title of Count in 1847 by Pope Pius IX after a donation of land in Comacchio that would help the Papal States to stop the advance of Austria. In 1848 he was appointed Member of the Board of the “Bologna Civic Guard” from the enlistment council with the rank of Lieutenant Colonel and Chief of Staff, a position that was later dropped since he had been elected as a Member of Parliament in Rome. In 1849 he decided to retire from political life to devote himself to the study of natural medicine. He purchased the land on which stood the ruins of the ancient Savignano’ fortress and on November 5 of the same year he laid the foundation stone of the castle, as he had already written to a friend he would have built in Arabic style. He called it Rocchetta and he settled there permanently since 1859. Elaborating on the theories of Samuel Hahnemann, the founder of homeopathy, the count developed a new therapeutic method, which he called Electrohomeopathy. Although opposed by the medical establishment, he began the Electrohomeopathic remedies production and he started exporting them abroad in 1881. This led to a central repository in Bologna and 26 others authorized deposits around the world that grew to 107 in 1884, among the most important ones in England, Germany, France, Switzerland, Belgium, USA, India, China and Haiti. In the year 1885, financial speculations of his nephew Luigi Mattei, predestined heir and co-holder of almost all properties, caused a serious economic crisis in the family. Failing to meet its debts and the high rates of usurers, many goods were auctioned. The ruin threatened to engulf all of the assets, including the Rocchetta. In 1887 Cesare decided to disinherit his nephew and was able to rectify the situation in part, assisted by his collaborator Mario Venturoli, who adopted in 1888 as a sign of gratitude. In 1889, a secret report Cesare Mattei with the housekeeper Bonaiuti Albina (known as Agrippina), born Maria Bonaiuti, which was not legally recognized as child despite being mentioned as such in the 1893 will. In 1895, now old and made paranoid by the continual disputes with allopathic physicians, due to a misunderstanding with his daughter in law (is suspected of having tried to kill him to serve him a poisoned coffee) Cesare drove her out of the castle and later disinherited them. He died April 3, 1896 at the age of 87 years. The coffin was carried into the Savignano church accompanied by the Porretta band and about 2000 people in tow. On April 14, 1896 was celebrated the funeral with 60 priests and more than 6,000 people who crowded in the spaces around the church to pay their respects. During his life, work and well-being found all the families in the area, and the land, poor and sparsely inhabited, experienced development and prosperity. He was always charitable to the poor who need care, to which he used to give his remedies for free. In one of his testaments, Count Cesare he called Maria Bonaiuti, my daughter. She was the daughter of his housekeeper Agrippina. When he was still lying on his death bed, were stolen his watch and ring, both of gold, which he had left to his daughter Maria. In 1904, Mario Mattei Venturoli could be co-heir with CCM’s grandchildren; he finished the Rocchetta, he modernized houses and cottages and continued the Electro-homeopathic business after having reached an agreement with the Count house keeper, Agrippina Bonaiuti. She claimed to have received the secret to produce remedies as a gift from Count Cesare. In 1906, as specifically requested in his will, the remains of Count Cesare were exhumed and buried in a sarcophagus placed into a chapel of the Rocchetta. In 1914, deposits increased again and became well 266 in the world. Mario Venturoli died in 1937, and he was succeeded by the conduct of the company's widow, Giovanna Maria Longhi (1889-1956), who inherited the secret preparations and continued the production. During the years of World War II the progressive decline of the company took place and the Elettromeopatica Rocchetta suffered a lot of damages. Maria Giovanna Longhi and her daughter Iris Boriani (1917-1992) moved to Bologna. On the death of Maria Giovanna Longhi in 1956, she left the secret to her daughter. The industry Elettromeopatica Rocchetta in a short time reduced the activity until it closed in 1968. After the death of Iris Boriani , the secret remedies passed to her daughter and heir, Gianna Fadda Marchetti, who in turn left it to her daughter Alessia. In 2012 Comini family (descendants of Mary Bonaiuti), after 100 years, made public a wide variety of pictures and archive containing the part of the original secret of Electrohomeopathic remedies, which remains incomplete.